Bathrobespierre’s Broadsides radio show streams tonight (10-17-19) at 6 PM at www.freakradio.org: Andrea on the “Where Can We Go?” Encampments in Berkeley

 

NO STUDIO YET SO THE $300 REWARD REMAINS UNCLAIMED

WE GOT $300 FOR YA IF WE CAN USE WHAT YOU SUGGEST FOR A YEAR.   FIND US A TRANSMITTER LOCATION?  YOU GET  HUGS, KISSES, GRATITUDE, AND A REVITALIZED LOCAL PIRATE RADIO!

 

We need access to a bathroom, internet, and electricity.–either indoors or out (we’ll build a structure if necessary). 

We’re also seeking a transmitter space where we can put up an antenna–a backyard, a multistory home, a high tree–help us spread the word.   


Tonight’s show streams at freakradio.org and archives at http://www.huffsantacruz.org/Lostshows.html  



TONIGHT’S SHOW INCLUDES:
  • “All In” Alicia Kuhl drops a dime on recent on-line “light her up” threats to her family.
  • Andrea, “Where Can We Go?” Berkeley encampment supporter reports on standing firm under CHP and Cal-Trans Cop Harassment
  • Gen-I on a fistful of parking citations; The first Santa Cruz Union of the Homeless Street Meeting on October 6th; Dwight’s “Move Along But We’re Not Being Racist” Report on the SC Police; Alicia on her DIY Safe Parking Zone Program on Olive next to Mission near CVS; Tabbylover Tim on a purrfect presidential prospect; Elijah on parking ticket pain for vehicledwellers.

Resisting In Place–A Berkeley Response to the Sweeps– 11 AM Sub Rosa at 703 Pacific, followed by HUFF Wednesday October 16th

CONSCIENCE AND ACTION IDEAS  10-16-19

Note:  Agenda Ideas are simply suggestions and subject to change and addition from anyone in the group.  They cover a wide range of possibilities. 

  • Announcements: Choice of Action Items; Timekeeper & Time Limits; Vibes Guy 
  • Encampments & Sweeps on Coral St, the Beach, the Levee, the Post Office, and the Pogonip: Street Reports
  • Following up on the Justin Cummings Outreach on Encampments, Enforcement, Rent, and Bathrooms;
  • Stina Follow-Up on Peepee Bottles to City Council; Alternative Protests at Bernal, Cummings, Watkins door
  • Laura’s Update on Shelter Availability & the Winter Shelter Sham
  • Marcos and Winter Shelter Follow-Up: Exposing the O’Hara Narrative
  • Lower Ocean Elder/Disabled Evictions
  • Union of the Homeless Update
  • 1220 River St Followup, Louden Nelson Report                                                                    


For HUFFsters  New Street Spirits and Street Sheets now available.  Sorry for the delay.

  • Announcements: Including Brief Summaries of Agenda Items
  • Finishing the C & A Agenda
  • Library Concerns
  • Union of the Homeless Proposals Around Mandatory Incarceration for Shelter or “Obligation to Shelter”
  • Monitoring Shelter Conditions–Tabling at Coral St.: Another Union Proposal
  • Street and Campground Report 
  • Susie O’Hara Documentation
  • RV Update–Re: Police Response, Vigilante Action, & Reports from Other Cities
  • Scheduling Homeless Union Tabling at FNB or on Pacific
  • Recycling Update

Bathrobespierre’s Broadsides radio show streams today (10-13-19) at 9:30AM at www.freakradio.org: Berkeley’s I-80 Encampment Stands Fast, Councilmember Drew Glover Parries Bathrobespierre Robert, Lower Ocean Tenants, & a 7-9-2015 Flashback !

OH, GIVE US A HOME

Free Radio Santa Cruz stands ready to dole out $300 for info leading to a 10′ X 10′ studio space with bathroom, internet, and electrical access–either indoors or out (we’ll build a structure).  We’re also seeking a transmitter space where we can put up an antenna–a backyard, a multistory home, a high tree–help us spread the word.   Help us so we can help you!


Today’s show streams at freakradio.org and archives at http://www.huffsantacruz.org/Lostshows.html  


To hear Councilmember Glover’s examination of the 10-8 Council agenda, go to http://www.huffsantacruz.org/Lostshows.html
and look for Drew Agenda Meeting- 10/5/2019.

Due to power failure, there was no Thursday 10/10/2019 show.

To read the complete (undelivered) speech deconstructing the powerful Watkins minority at City Council, go to “Pushing Past the Censure/Recall Distraction at City Council” at https://www.indybay.org/newsitems/2019/10/09/18827159.php



Current Events on the Show
  •    “Aim for the Belly” Alicia Kuhl,, Prez, Stands Fast Under Police and Costco Harassment
  •  Mayor “Whittle Down the Time” Watkins Second Attack on Glover and Krohn at City Council 10-8-19
  •  Tenant advocates call for Rent Freeze in Lower Ocean; Krohn deserts Glover in the Crucial Motion
  •  Lower Ocean Eviction Victims Ronald and Laurel Describe Upcoming 123 Bixby Street Landlord Cruelty
  •  Tenant Toughtimes Trooper Cynthia Berger on the Limits of the State Rent Law and Santa Cruz’s Rental Inspection Ordinance
  •  Shawna and William of the “Where Do We Go?” Berkeley Encampment Recalls a Day of Standing off the CHP and Cal-Trans Cops
  •  Councilmember Drew Glover Reviews Eight Months of Stall Under Interrogation from Bathrobespierre Robert
  •  Voices of the Victims at Food Not Bombs:  Harm Reduction Volunteer Report, Fastlane Free, Katzenjammer Keith,
  •  Wes, Virgil, Mike, Dread,Betsy, & Cherie–Salinas Sherwood Park Shit Survivors


Flashing Back to July 9, 2015
  • Guest co-host Ivy Rou, Street Vendor on Pacific Avenue
  • Ivy on Eviction Devastation in Santa Cruz–True Stories
  • Wellwisher Jim Weller at the First Sleep-Out of the Two Year Freedom Sleeper Protest
  • Home-on-Wheels Visitor Describes Police Treatment Here
  • Find-A-Place Phil Posner Kicks off the Weekly Freedom Sleeper Event;
  • Silver-Tongued Steve Pleich, Act Now! Abbi Samuels Suggests Sleeping Spots, the Vote
  • Backtalking Bob Lamonica Challenges Ivy; Phone Allies Include Uncle Dennis, Smoothie Steve, Doc Mike & Others
  • The show is also archived at http://radiolibre.org/brb/brb061319.mp3
Act Locally or Regret Repeatedly
  • Document Homeless Discrimination & Sign Up for Direct Action to “Open the Bathrooms Now!” Action at City-wide at the Union of the Homeless table at the Food Not Bombs meals Saturday and Sunday 4-6 PM outside the Main Post Office.
  • Support Survival Camps & Squats as City Council Ignores the Winter Shelter Emergency
  • Post Your Documentation of Police and Ranger “Move Along” Mischief or Pass it on to Barracuda Mama at 831-431-7766 
  • Check out the 5 PM Union of the Homeless meeting at the Food Not Bombs Event in front of the Main Post Office Every Sunday.
  • Donate to Existing Homeless Encampments, NOT Poverty-Pimp Posturers– Survival Demands Blankets, Water, Tarps, Portapotties & Trash Pick-Up’s–and Deter Police Harassment by being On Call to Document It.
  • Additional Needs for Community Samaritans!–More Needs: Potable Water for Drinking and Grey Water for Washing, Laundry Access so Clothes Don’t Mildew, a Drainage System Against the Rains, More Space in Additional Spots, Monitor and Expose Cop Crackdowns
  • Support Food Not Bombs,  the Warming Center’s Day/Night Storage Program, HUFF, Conscience and Action,Santa Cruz Union of the Homeless documenting, providing resources, & publicizing the situation.

  •  Check out The Santa Cruz Community, Santa Cruz Homeless Advocates & Homeless Outside in Santa Cruz, Monterey County Homeless Advocates, SNAIL, HEART Disabled Homeless People,  Power Surge Tenants Rights, Bay Area Landless People’s Alliance, and more on Facebook..then go out and do something!
  •   Exchange information with other supporters there to generate more communication and better solutions in the future.
  •   Listen in to Bathrobespierre’s Broadsides at freakradio.org Thursdays 6-8 PM, Sundays 9:30 AM- 3 PM
  •   If you must, expropriate items from chain stores.  Don’t steal from vulnerable fellow homeless or local businesses!

Replace the Real Power in the City–the Staff Heads–or Slog the Swamp Some More

Pushing Past the Censure/Recall Distraction at City Council

At the 10-8 City Council meeting, Mayor Watkins gave staff the usual expansive and unnecessary presentation time for prior items. She then eliminated group presentation time on the pointlessly returned censure of Krohn/Glover item. Initially refusing again to recognize a Councilmember, she again tried to hide behind the City Attorney as back-up. Failing this she cut back public comment time severely, allowing a special favored group presentation by the discredited City Commission for the Prevention of Violence to Women. I prepared this speech of which I was only permitted to read part of at the meeting:
Instead of booking the Civic Auditorium for the Council meetings expected overflow crowd, Watkins insisted (again) on using the crowded Council chambers. This resulted in further delay as people were hustled out of Council chambers, prompting angry response from former Councilmember Ed Porter who denounced the police directions as “shameful”.

Watkins several times interrupted speakers to shush audience comment. Even though speakers seemed to have no problem with the occasional public voice. In so doing, Watkins took up additional time and embarrassed the proceedings with her usual inappropriate authoritarian treatment to the proceedings.

The entire issue ended hours later, as was expected, with a 4-3 vote rejecting the censure proposal–which had not been recommended by the Rose report in the first place.

Oral Communication was subsequently cut back to a minute and a half, then one minute.

A line of tenant supporters at Oral Communications brought up the pending winter eviction of Section 8 elders and disabled folks in the Lower Ocean neighborhood. In response, Councilmember Glover made an emergency motion to put rent control/just eviction back on the next agenda. Councilmember Krohn initially second the motion, but withdrew the second when he learned it was intended to protect all tenants, not just the Lower Ocean folks. Brown and Cummings, supposedly tenant advocates, remained conspicuously silent, and Glover’s motion died for lack of a second.

This cowardly and useless strategy of going hat in hand to Mayor Watkins to put items on the agenda instead of installing the items with a 4-3 vote is sad. It seems to reflect the advise of “Progressive advisers” that the Councilmembers walk on eggshells so as not to offend Matthew’s more rabid recall supporters.

What needs to be done is to return to real issues, baldly, clearly, and repeatedly stated. Loudly, as necessary,. And by those of outside the chambers.

Wasting time with the ridiculous recall/censure discussion, talking of “reconciliation:” and “bringing the community together” is simply blind to the reality: There is a clear power division in this community between predatory commercial, real estate, and bureaucratic interests and those of renters, workers, students, elderly, and homeless folks. Recognizing that it is a power struggle that must be won is vital.

As I mention in the speech I was unable to complete, a direct action crisis approach is being taken all over the country (and indeed the world) by various movements and needs to be repeated here.


Probing Past the Duck-the-Issue Denunciations at Shitty Council: Conscience & Action at 11 AM Sub Rosa at 703 Pacific, followed by HUFF Wednesday October 9th

CONSCIENCE AND ACTION IDEAS  10-9-19

Note:  Agenda Ideas are simply suggestions and subject to change and addition from anyone in the group.  They cover a wide range of possibilities. 

  • Announcements: Choice of Action Items; Timekeeper & Time Limits; Vibes Guy 
  • Reports from the Beach on the Curfew Imposition and Homeless Displacement
  • City Council Lookback from 10-8  & Staff Report Deadline for 10-10: Pressuring Justin Cummings on Encampments, Enforcement, Rent, and Bathrooms;
  • Stina Follow-Up on Peepee Bottles to City Council; Alternative Protests at Bernal, Cummings, Watkins doors
  • Most of Last Glover Agenda Meeting Archived at http://huffsantacruz.org/lost/Glover%20Agenda%2010-4.mp
  • Laura’s Update on Shelter Availability & the Winter Shelter Sham
  • Marcos and Winter Shelter Follow-Up: Exposing the O’Hara Narrative
  • Lower Ocean Elder/Disabled Evictions
  • Phone a Cop for Service Proposal
  • 1220 River St Followup, Louden Nelson Report                                                                    


For HUFFsters  New Street Spirits and Street Sheets will be available soon.  Sorry for the delay.

  • Announcements: Including Brief Summaries of Agenda Items
  • Further Action on C & A Items
  • Library Concerns
  • Union of the Homeless Proposals Around Mandatory Incarceration for Shelter or “Obligation to Shelter”
  • Monitoring Shelter Conditions–Tabling at Coral St.: Another Union Proposal
  • Street and Campground Report 
  • Susie O’Hara Documentation
  • RV Update–Re: Police Response, Vigilante Action, & Reports from Other Cities
  • Scheduling Homeless Union Tabling at FNB or on Pacific
  • Recycling Update

Bathrobespierre’s Broadsides radio show streams today (10-6-19) at 9:30AM at www.freakradio.org: The Upcoming Shitty Council Meeting & a 7-2-06 Flashback !

REWARD STILL OFFERED…

Free Radio Santa Cruz stands ready to dole out $300 for info leading to a 10′ X 10′ studio space with bathroom, internet, and electrical access–either indoors or out (we’ll build a structure).  We’re also seeking a transmitter space where we can put up an antenna–a backyard, a multistory home, a high tree–help us spread the word.   Help us so we can help you!


Today’s show streams at freakradio.org and archives at http://www.huffsantacruz.org/Lostshows.html


To hear Councilmember Glover’s examination of the 10-8 Council agenda, go to http://www.huffsantacruz.org/Lostshows.html
and look for Drew Agenda Meeting- 10/5/2019 soon to be posted.

For another round of Mayor Watkins’ “Fill Up the Time With Staff Chatter Until We Can Get rid of the Progressive Majority” Filler, check out the City Council’s jerky video of their last Council meeting–Mayor Watkin’s Latest Attack on Councilmembers Glover and Krohn at http://scsire.cityofsantacruz.com/sirepub/mtgviewer.aspx?meetid=1175&doctype=AGENDA the 7 PM session.



Current Events on the Show
  •    Toughing it Out in Texas:  Austin’s Mayor vs. Texas Governor on Different Forms of Homeless Repression
  • “Scope it Out” Scott Graham previews and critiques City Council Agenda Item #17 Compulsory Residential Rental Inspection Expansion
  •  Officer who murdered Botham Jean gets light sentence; testifying witness shot dead.
  •  Geneye on the parking ticket maze for van dwellers
  •  Nutcracker Nick Whitehead on couch-surfing and car-camping at age 80
  •  “Mist of Morning” Marty Gives a Thumbs Up to the River St. campground.
Flashing Back to July 2, 2006
  • Flashback within a Flashback:  post-election November 1988 KZSC panel on homeless activism: UCSC Students Jenny and Maria, “Live on Less” Activist Charles Grey, Attorney Ray Grueneich
  • Crow on Parking Garage Paranoia Law,
  • Bruised but Unbowed Barry on Rough Street Times
  • DJ Shatter on Critical Mass Protest and Harassment
  • Fresno’s Mike Rhodes on Police Seizure of Shopping Carts
  • SAFE (Society for Artistic Freedom and Expression) Street Performers Guild report with Condor (Greg)
  • Walkin’ the Streets with Crow on CSO Pam Bechtel
  • Nutcracker Nick, playwright and policewatcher on Sgt. Swaneck
  • Mama Shannon
  • Ernie Street Pianist and Composer
  • Las Vegas ACLU Lawsuit Defending the Homeless
  • The show is also archived at http://radiolibre.org/brb/brb060319.mp3

Act Locally or Regret Repeatedly

  • Document Homeless Discrimination & Sign Up for Direct Action to “Open the Bathrooms Now!” Action at San Lorenzo Benchlands at the Union of the Homeless table at the Food Not Bombs meals Saturday and Sunday 4-6 PM outside the Main Post Office.
  • Support Survival Camps & Squats as City Council Sides With “No Homeless on the Beach” Bigots & Homeless People Face Police Lies & Turn-Aways from Shelter.
  • Post Your Documentation or Pass it on to Barracuda Mama at 831-431-7766
  • Donate to Existing Homeless Encampments, NOT Poverty-Pimp Posturers– Survival Demands Blankets, Water, Tarps, Portapotties & Trash Pick-Up’s–and Deter Police Harassment by being On Call to Document It.
  • Additional Needs for Community Samaritans!–More Needs: Potable Water for Drinking and Grey Water for Washing, Laundry Access so Clothes Don’t Mildew, a Drainage System Against the Rains, More Space in Additional Spots, Monitor and Expose Cop Crackdowns
  • Support Food Not Bombs,  the Warming Center’s Day/Night Storage Program, HUFF, Conscience and Action,Santa Cruz Union of the Homeless documenting, providing resources, & publicizing the situation.

  •  Check out The Santa Cruz Community, Santa Cruz Homeless Advocates & Homeless Outside in Santa Cruz, Monterey County Homeless Advocates, SNAIL, HEART Disabled Homeless People,  Power Surge Tenants Rights, Bay Area Landless People’s Alliance, and more on Facebook..then go out and do something!
  •   Exchange information with other supporters there to generate more communication and better solutions in the future.
  •   Listen in to Bathrobespierre’s Broadsides at freakradio.org Thursdays 6-8 PM, Sundays 9:30 AM- 3 PM
  •   If you must, expropriate items from chain stores.  Don’t steal from vulnerable fellow homeless or local businesses!

Bathrobespierre’s Broadsides radio show streams tonight (10-3-19) at 6 PM at www.freakradio.org: Listen in to Organizing-in-Action by the Santa Cruz Union of the Homeless and the Many Voices to be Heard

FREE RADIO SANTA CRUZ STUDIO SEARCH CONTINUES ! 

WE GOT $300 FOR YA IF WE CAN USE WHAT YOU SUGGEST FOR A YEAR.   FIND US A TRANSMITTER LOCATION?  YOU GET  HUGS, KISSES, GRATITUDE, AND A REVITALIZED LOCAL PIRATE RADIO!

 

We need access to a bathroom, internet, and electricity.–either indoors or out (we’ll build a structure if necessary). 

We’re also seeking a transmitter space where we can put up an antenna–a backyard, a multistory home, a high tree–help us spread the word.   


Tonight’s show streams at freakradio.org and archives at http://www.huffsantacruz.org/Lostshows.html


TONIGHT’S SHOW INCLUDES:
  • Union of the Homeless activists scheme and scramble
  • Katzenjammer Keith McHenry of Food Not Bombs warns about the “Obligation to Accept Shelter” proposal floating about the Poverty Pimp Talking Points
  • John Stewart company survivor Gigi Bernard fires off strong accusations.
  • Red Church roughspeakers present various updates and outbursts.

Winter Shelter Sham & New Protest Prospects: Conscience & Action at 11 AM Sub Rosa at 703 Pacific, followed by HUFF Wednesday October 2nd

CONSCIENCE AND ACTION IDEAS  10-2-19

Note:  Agenda Ideas are simply suggestions and subject to change and addition from anyone in the group.  They cover a wide range of possibilities.  Bathrobespierre Robert may be absent for some of the meetings.

  • Announcements: Choice of Action Items; Timekeeper & Time Limits; Vibes Guy 
  • Reports from the Beach on the Curfew Imposition and Homeless Displacement
  • City Council Lookback from 9-24  & Preview of 10-8: Pressuring Justin Cummings on Encampments, Enforcement, Rent, and Bathrooms; Glover’s 10-4 5:30 Meeting at City Hall
  • Last Glover Agenda Meeting Archived at http://huffsantacruz.org/lost/Drew%20Agenda%209-20.MP3
  • Supporting Martin v. Boise at City Hall Tuesday and on the Streets–Demo at City Attorney’s?  Vice-Mayor Cummings?
  • October 7th The Public Movie at 4 pm at RCNV
  • Laura’s Update on Shelter Availability & the Winter Shelter Sham
  • Phone a Cop for Service Proposal
  • 1220 River St Followup, Louden Nelson Report                                                                    


For HUFFsters  New Street Spirits and Street Sheets will be available soon.

  • Announcements: Including Brief Summaries of Agenda Items
  • Further Action on C & A Items
  • Janus Strike Report & Last Week’s Climate March Update
  • Union of the Homeless Proposals Around Mandatory Incarceration for Shelter or “Obligation to Shelter”
  • Monitoring Shelter Conditions–Tabling at Coral St.: Another Union Proposal
  • Street and Campground Report 
  • Susie O’Hara Documentation
  • RV Update–Re: Police Response, Vigilante Action, & Reports from Other Cities
  • Scheduling Homeless Union Tabling at FNB or on Pacific
  • Recycling Update

Bathrobespierre’s Broadsides radio show streams today (9-29-19) at 9:30AM at www.freakradio.org: Mega-Flashback to March 19, 2006 Covering the Anti-Homeless Parking Lot Panic Law Creating “Trespass” on Public Property During Public Hours

AVAILABLE FOR YOU…

Free Radio Santa Cruz stands ready to dole out $300 for info leading to a 10′ X 10′ studio space with bathroom, internet, and electrical access–either indoors or out (we’ll build a structure).  We’re also seeking a transmitter space where we can put up an antenna–a backyard, a multistory home, a high tree–help us spread the word.   Help us so we can help you!


Tonight’s show streams at freakradio.org and archives at http://www.huffsantacruz.org/Lostshows.html

Today’s current show had to be postponed because of illness.  Sorry, folks.

For another round of Mayor Watkins’ “Fill Up the Time With Staff Chatter Until We Can Get rid of the Progressive Majority” Filler, check out the City Council’s jerky video of their last Council meeting–Mayor Watkin’s Latest Attack on Councilmembers Glover and Krohn at http://scsire.cityofsantacruz.com/sirepub/mtgviewer.aspx?meetid=1175&doctype=AGENDA the 7 PM session.



Flashing Back to March 19, 2006
  •    Combined Wake-Up Call and Bathrobespierre’s Broadsides Show 
  •   10-Minute Parking Lot Trespass Law—which is now the 15 Minute law with a $250 fine
  •   Commission for the Prevention of Violence Against Women[CPVAW] unprotects homeless women
  •   Special Rush Meeting of the Downtown Commission [DC] hustles through Mayor Mathews’ Repressive Agenda
  •   CPVAW 3-1-06 Hearing Part 2: with Sheila Coonerty and other not-so-notable notables
  •   Sidewalk Interviews: 3-17-06: “Host” Harassment and Selective Enforcement
  •   Death Toll in Iraq
  •   Callers A-Plenty Including “Battling” Bob Lamonica, Human Rights Organization’s Bob Patton, Acid-tongued Andrea, and others
  •   Co-Host Craig Canada—Street Survival as an Unhoused Medical Cannabis User
  •   More DC Rush Meeting
  •   Bench Removal Report
  •   The show is also archived at http://radiolibre.org/brb/brb060319.mp3

Act Locally or Regret Repeatedly (with a tip of the Hat to Joyful Eyes Julie):

Bathrobespierre’s Broadsides radio show streams tonight (9-26-19) at 6 PM at www.freakradio.org:Total Flashback to September 10, 2000: Fun and Foulplay with the Police-Partial “Citizens” Police Review Board of Santa Cruz and lots more….!

STUDIO SITE SUGGESTION?  WE GOT $300 FOR YA IF IT WORKS OUT   TRANSMITTER LOCATION?  YOU GET  HUGS, KISSES, GRATITUDE, AND A REVITALIZED LOCAL PIRATE RADIO!

$300 REWARD for info leading to a 10′ X 10′ Free Radio Santa Cruz studio space.

We need access to a bathroom, internet, and electricity.–either indoors or out (we’ll build a structure if necessary).

We’re also seeking a transmitter space where we can put up an antenna–a backyard, a multistory home, a high tree–help us spread the word.   


Tonight’s show streams at freakradio.org and archives at http://www.huffsantacruz.org/Lostshows.html

​Due to a disabled throat, current broadcasting will be replaced tonight by an ancient flashback…


AN ALL-FLASHBACK SHOW FROM NEARLY 20 YEARS AGO:  SEPTEMBER 10, 2000
  • V-Man & Skidmark Bob and Merlin on the Pirate Radio Scene 2000;

  • Video-Journalist Beggarbacker Becky Johnson at sometime Mayor Scott Kennedy Kickoff Rally;

  • HUFFy critique of Council Candidate Arnie Leff;

  • Bashful Bernard Klitzner on the Argue for Council Campaign;

  • Gauging and Gouging the Green Party Endorsement Process

  • Chair Arnie Leff’s Fatally Flawed Citizens Police Review Board  [CPRB];

  • Phone Chatting with the Man in the Box, Crossroads Chris Brozda;

  • Struggles with the CPRB and the illegal seizure of Jumboheart James Nay from Mayor Sugar’s City Council;

  • “Just Let Me Be” Jerry Henry versus Aptos Shopping Center;